Nutrition For Strength Athletes

Nutrition For Strength Athletes

Body Composition, Sports
Strength and power athletes are typically looking to enhance power relative to body weight. This means some sort of resistance training is going to be a big part of their training. As with any type of training, proper nutrition has a significant impact on how well your body responds to and recovers from training. In strength training, nutritional objectives include: meeting caloric needs providing the optimal ratio of macronutrients (protein, carbohydrate, and fat) incorporating specific timing of meals/nutrition   providing optimal micronutrients (vitamins, minerals) ensuring sufficient hydration Energy, nutrient needs, and nutrient timing can differ vastly from person to person or in the context of different sports and training modalities. Just a few of the factors that come into consideration are age, gender, height, weight, level and intensity of training or…
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What is RED-S and What Should You Do About It

What is RED-S and What Should You Do About It

Health, Other, Sports
What is RED-S Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport, "RED-S" or simply "RED-S" is a clinically defined syndrome referring to the impairment of physiological function caused by a deficit in a person's energy intake relative to the energy required to maintain optimal health, homeostasis, growth, the activities of daily living, and sport.  Being in this state of relative deficit is often also referred to as being in a state of low energy availability (LEA). In this state, there is a lower than required amount of energy for the body's normal physiological functions. This can have a variety of health consequences including:  Altered metabolic functionMenstrual disturbances and amenorrhea (loss of period)Amenorrheic athletes have 2 to 4 times greater risk for a stress fractureImpaired bone health (increased osteoporosis risk) Reductions in immune system functionReduced protein synthesis (ie for…
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FODMAPs, Vegetables, and IBS

FODMAPs, Vegetables, and IBS

GI Disorders
If you have read our previous posts on 'FODMAPs & Fruit', or 'The Low FODMAP Diet', you might want to skip over the intro below if you don't need a recap. If you're new to learning about the FODMAP diet I'd recommend also clicking on those other posts and having a read as they complement the below information! The Low FODMAP Diet is designed to help sufferers of IBS reduce and manage their symptoms. It was designed to be implemented in 3-phases, with the end goal of balancing the least restrictive possible diet with the greatest sustainable improvement in symptoms.  Phase 1 is the low FODMAP phase where Fructose, Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols are restricted from the diet to relieve symptoms and create a baseline to operate from. Suitable alternative foods should be found to…
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FODMAPs, Fruit, and IBS

FODMAPs, Fruit, and IBS

Other
The Low FODMAP Diet is designed to help sufferers of IBS reduce and manage their symptoms. It was designed to be implemented in 3-phases, with the end goal of balancing the least restrictive possible diet with the greatest sustainable improvement in symptoms. Phase 1 is the low FODMAP phase where Fructose, Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols are restricted from the diet to relieve symptoms and create a baseline to operate from. Suitable alternative foods should be found to replace those being restricted. It usually lasts for 2-6 weeks. Phase 2 is a phase where the FODMAPs are individually tested to establish tolerance levels to specific foods. This process can take a significant amount of time as there are a lot of variations in the types of FODMAPs, serving sizes, and foods that need to be…
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Is Msg Dangerous or Is It a Safe Flavour Enhancer?

Is Msg Dangerous or Is It a Safe Flavour Enhancer?

Food, Health
MSG There are 5 basic tastes: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and ‘umami’. Monosodium glutamate or ‘MSG’ is a food additive responsible for the umami taste. You may have heard of MSG being referred to as the ‘flavour enhancer”. This is because the umami taste tends to also enhance the palatability and overall flavour intensity of food it is added to. What is it? Glutamate is one of the most commonly found amino acids in nature and is in many common natural plant and animal foods. Just to name a few, this includes tomatoes, mushrooms, broccoli, fish, meat, cheese, and even human breast milk. Glutamate is a non-essential amino acid. This does not mean that we don't need it - it means that the human body can make glutamate itself if/when needed,…
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The Complete Guide to Creatine

The Complete Guide to Creatine

Sports
Creatine is one of cheapest and most widely used gym supplements by casual gym goes and athletes alike - but there is also a lot of confusion and misinformation surrounding it’s usage, safety, efficacy, and effects on body composition. Here we are going to break down everything you need to know about creatine so you can find out if it might be something you want to use, or if you already are – how to use it most effectively! What is it? Creatine is a naturally occurring non-protein amino acid that is found in muscle tissue, most commonly in red meat and seafood. It started to rise in popularity in supplement form in the 1990’s. In the human body creatine is combined with a high energy phosphate group to form…
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Carbohydrate Loading

Carbohydrate Loading

Sports
What is Carbohydrate Loading? Carbohydrate loading or carb-loading is a nutrition technique used by athletes in an attempt to prolong optimal athletic performance and delay the onset of fatigue, or, ‘hitting a wall’. Transforming Carbs in Food to Energy for Muscles Throughout digestion, carbohydrate-containing foods are broken down into simple sugars such as glucose. These sugars are then absorbed into the bloodstream. A hormone called insulin is secreted by the pancreas which enables uptake of glucose from the blood by our liver and muscle cells, where it is stored as potential energy in the form of glycogen. Supercompensation Your muscles are basically fuel tanks for glycogen. Carb-loading if done right, essentially allows you to store the maximum possible amount of glycogen or "fuel" for later use. Successful carb-loading puts the…
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