The HPE Diet

The HPE Diet

Health
If you’re a clinical dietitian working within the hospital setting, you probably know the high protein/energy (HPE) diet inside and out. For those of you with little exposure to the HPE, read on. What is Malnutrition Before we try to understand the HPE diet, we need to look at the condition a HPE diet is designed to prevent, malnutrition. Malnutrition is a silent killer that goes largely unrecognised, undiagnosed, untreated in our hospitals. Often, it is not taken serious enough. It occurs when an individual does not consume enough protein and/or energy to meet their requirements. Some common causes of malnutrition: - Increased energy and protein requirements (for example, cancer patients, post-surgery). - Decreased appetite (due to medication, age, being unwell etc.). - Early satiety: feeling full quickly. - Changes…
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The Evidence-Based Dietary Treatment for Depression

The Evidence-Based Dietary Treatment for Depression

Health
For a long time, it has been known that there is some form of dietary link with depression. It doesn’t take a genius to look around and notice that people with depression often don’t have the best diets (although there are exceptions), but that brings up a chicken or the egg situation. Do they have poor diets because of the depression leading them to care less about their diets? Or is their poor diet one of the key factors in their depression? I believe it is likely a combination of both. Having worked with quite a lot of people with severe depression, I can clearly see that there are a lot of times where they throw any care in the world about good nutrition out the window, no matter how…
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Do Plant-Based Eaters Live Longer?

Do Plant-Based Eaters Live Longer?

Health
What is a plant-based diet? Do those who follow a plant-based diet really live longer? For most people, a plant-based can be defined as a diet which consists of all minimally processed fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, herbs, and spices, with few or no animal products, including red meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. It’s sounds like a healthy diet for most people, but because of it’s very ambiguous nature, examining the research and comparing studies for and against plant-based diets for longevity is quite the challenge. Unfortunately, the term ‘plant-based’ is thrown around rather loosely and can imply a variety of eating habits. For some, it’s another way to say they’re vegan. For others, it simply means they eat a lot of plant food but…
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The New Nordic Diet – Could Scandinavian be the New Mediterranean?

The New Nordic Diet – Could Scandinavian be the New Mediterranean?

Health
Scandinavia – the land of incredible healthcare systems, more paid holiday days than anywhere else in the world and subsidised tertiary education, amongst many other qualities. With all these amazing assets, who wouldn’t be inspired by the Scandinavian lifestyle? They must be doing something right, considering recent studies have shown that the Nordic countries are home to some of the happiest people in the world. With recent hype around diets such as the Mediterranean diet and veganism, the Nordic countries have had one of their greatest and most beautiful secrets practically pushed to the side and concealed from the global media spotlight: the Nordic diet. What is the Nordic diet? As the name suggests, the Nordic diet features foods that are native, traditional and easily sourced in Denmark, Sweden, Norway,…
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How to Travel on a Diet

How to Travel on a Diet

Health
Everyone loves travel. Not everyone loves the weight gain that can accompany. If you want to avoid coming home with an unplanned 5kg souvenir, read on! Local Foods For me, one of the most exciting parts of travel is eating out every day. I love to sample local foods and trying a variety of foods is part of immersing yourself in the culture. Often, local foods are unfamiliar to us (which is part of the fun). Less fun, is having no idea exactly what you are eating, or its approximate energy and nutritional content. The best way to combat the unknown, is to get educated! Do your research. Quickly googling ‘local foods of…’ can be invaluable in gaining an understanding for what you are up against. You can therefore pick…
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DASH-ing Towards Better Health

DASH-ing Towards Better Health

Health
It’s not uncommon to arrive at your late forties and have the doc tell you you’re hypertensive. For many, the pressure of kids and a mortgage, accompanied by a lack of time for exercise, and the convenience of maccas drive through, is enough to make blood pressure soar. When this lifestyle eventually culminates in hypertension, it’s time to have a long hard think about how to improve your health and bring that blood pressure back down. This is where the DASH diet comes in. It’s not easy and it’s not as fast as the name suggests, but hypertension is a huge risk factor for heart attack and stroke. So, if you want to live a long and happy life, read on! DASH stands for Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension. The…
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The low-down on the Low FODMAPs diet to improve gut symptoms

The low-down on the Low FODMAPs diet to improve gut symptoms

GI Disorders
Most people experiencing excessive gas, bloating, abdominal pain and altered bowel movements (diarrhoea and/or constipation) would have heard of the Low FODMAPs diet by now. Many GPs and health practitioners are regarding it to be one of the best investigative diets for identifying problematic foods. Research shows that people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) can significantly improve symptoms by managing the amount of FODMAPs in their diet. What are FODMAPS? FODMAPs is an acronym for Fermentable Oligo-saccharides, Di-saccharides, Mono-saccharides and Polyols. Essentially, FODMAPs are short-chain carbohydrates (sugars, starches and fibres), which can be poorly digested and absorbed in the small intestine, resulting in movement through to the large intestine. Here, they can be fermented / digested by the millions of bacteria that reside there, producing…
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Three Mind Hacks That Will Help You Stick to Your Diet Goals

Three Mind Hacks That Will Help You Stick to Your Diet Goals

Health
Have you ever wondered why you can’t seem to stick to healthy eating despite having the motivation and knowledge? You may have read countless nutrition articles, stocked your fridge with fresh fruits and vegetables and follow every food blog under the sun. Yet, for some reason, you can’t quite align your actions with your diet goals. Why is this and what can we do about it? This article explores the impact that willpower has on our ability to overcome temptation and outlines three simple, yet effective strategies we can use to increase our willpower. What is willpower and what causes it to fail? Willpower is the ability to delay gratification by exerting control over our behaviour. Anyone who has tried to stick to a diet will be familiar with the…
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Should You Listen to a Celebrity’s Nutritional Advice?

Should You Listen to a Celebrity’s Nutritional Advice?

Other
  This is a point that strikes a note with me personally. Dietitians and nutritionists dedicate their lives to becoming experts in nutrition; often in one specific field of nutrition. Yet for some reason, celebrities are the go-to source for diets involving weight-loss, muscle gain or any other result. Every time you walk past a magazine aisle you see a title like “How I lost 10kg” with a picture of a famous celebrity. For some strange reason, people seem to intensely study the miraculous secret that these individuals appear to have discovered. Then they go and tell their friends about this celebrity’s diet and it spreads like wildfire. The reason this issue gets to me, is because it is completely based on anecdotal evidence with a sample size of n=1.…
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High Healthy Fats Diet Effect on Weight

High Healthy Fats Diet Effect on Weight

Body Composition, Health
  In the past, high fat diets have been slammed for their ability to increase weight and effect our overall health. Although, diets which are high in fat are often high in saturated fats and trans fats, which have been continually linked to obesity and cardiovascular disease. But what about a diet which is high in healthy fats such polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) and monounsaturated fats (MUFAs)? More recent systematic reviews have highlighted the ability of high healthy fat dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean diet, to support modest weight loss in centrally obese individuals. In addition to this, the Mediterranean diet has also been shown to reduce waist circumference among a Mediterranean population group, as well as also reporting significant declines in body weight after a 5-year follow up period.…
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