Carbohydrate Loading

Carbohydrate Loading

Sports
What is Carbohydrate Loading? Carbohydrate loading or carbo-loading, is a term used to describe a nutrition technique used by endurance athletes in an attempt to prolong optimal athletic performance and delay the onset of fatigue, or, ‘hitting a wall’. The Transformation of Food into Energy When we eat carbohydrate containing foods, they arrive at our stomach and begin to break down. From the stomach, the partially broken down food travels to the small intestine where it completely breaks down into many compounds, one being glucose. From the small intestine the glucose is absorbed into the blood stream. A hormone called insulin which is secreted by our pancreas, accompanies the glucose from the blood to our liver and muscle cells, where it is stored in the form of glycogen. From this…
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Train Hard, Smart or Specific

Train Hard, Smart or Specific

Sports
Calling all marathon runners, long distance swimmers and other endurance athletes! For a long time, high carbohydrate consumption and blanket recommendations have been part of endurance sports nutrition practice. However, recent research has shown we need to think more carefully about the way we prescribe carbohydrates to endurance athletes. Train Hard We’ve all heard of carb loading- filling up on pasta and bread before a big race or competition. Carb loading and other standard carbohydrate recommendations are centred around providing adequate fuel for training. The purpose of carbohydrate loading, before training or competition, is to increase muscle glycogen stores, which, fuel exercise. Glycogen, however, is a fleeting source and once it runs out, we ‘hit the wall’. This is when the body is forced to switch from primarily carbohydrate fuel…
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